• Demonstration: Comparative Effectiveness
 

High Cholesterol and related conditions

Levels of scientific evidence for specific therapies

Grade: A (Strong Scientific Evidence)
TherapySpecific therapeutic Use(s)
Beta-glucanHyperlipidemia
FolateHyperhomocysteinemia
GarlicHyperlipidemia
Guar gumCholesterol levels
Konjac glucomannanCholesterol levels
NiacinHyperlipidemia
Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acidCoronary heart disease
Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acidHyperlipidemia (triglyceride lowering)
Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acidSecondary cardiovascular disease prevention (fish oil / EPA plus DHA)
Plant sterolsHypercholesterolemia
PsylliumHypercholesterolemia
Red yeast riceHyperlipidemia
SoyLipid lowering (cholesterol and triglycerides)
Grade: B (Good Scientific Evidence)
TherapySpecific therapeutic Use(s)
ArginineCardiovascular disease
AvocadoHypercholesterolemia
BarleyHyperlipidemia
BeansHypercholesterolemia
Betaine anhydrousCardiovascular disease (in homocystinuric patients)
Betaine anhydrousHyperhomocysteinemia
CarobHypercholesterolemia
ChiaCardiovascular disease prevention / atherosclerosis
ChitosanHyperlipidemia
ColeusCardiomyopathy
Docosahexaenoic acidCardiovascular disease risk
French maritime pine bark extractCardiovascular disease risk
Gamma oryzanolHyperlipidemia
GarlicCardiovascular disease risk
Globe artichokeLipid-lowering
Green teaHypercholesterolemia
GuggulHyperlipidemia
L-carnitineAngina (chronic, stable)
LecithinLipid lowering
NiacinAtherosclerosis (as adjunct therapy; niacin)
NiacinCardiovascular disease (niacin)
PantethineLipid lowering effects
PeonyHeart disease (pulmonary)
PhytoestrogensCardiovascular risk reduction (postmenopausal)
PolicosanolCoronary Heart Disease (CHD)
RiboseHeart disease
SpirulinaHypercholesterolemia
Sweet almondHyperlipidemia (whole almonds)
YogaCardiovascular disease
Grade: C (Unclear or Conflicting Scientific Evidence)
TherapySpecific therapeutic Use(s)
AçaíMetabolic syndrome (coronary heart disease)
Activated charcoalHypercholesterolemia
AcupunctureAngina pectoris
AcupunctureCardiovascular conditions
AcupunctureHeart attack treatment/prevention/rehabilitation
AlfalfaAtherosclerosis
AlfalfaHyperlipidemia
AloeHyperlipidemia
Alpha-lipoic acidCardiovascular disease risk
Alpha-lipoic acidHeart muscle protection during heart surgery
Alpha-lipoic acidLipid lowering effects
AmalakiHyperlipidemia
Amaranth oilCoronary heart disease
American helleboreCardiovascular and renal dysfunction
Aortic acidAtherosclerosis
AppleHigh cholesterol
ArabinogalactanLipid lowering (cholesterol and triglycerides)
ArginineChest pain
ArginineHeart protection during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
ArginineHyperlipidemia
ArgininePrevention of restenosis after coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
ArnicaMyocardial ischemia
AshwagandhaHypercholesterolemia
AstaxanthinHigh cholesterol
AstragalusHeart disease
Atkins Diet®Hyperlipidemia
Autogenic therapyCardiovascular conditions
AyurvedaAngina (chest pain)
AyurvedaAtherosclerosis (clogged arteries)
AyurvedaCardiac disease
AyurvedaCoronary heart disease
AyurvedaHigh cholesterol
BarleyCardiovascular disease risk
Bay leafHyperlipidemia
BeansCardiovascular disease
BeerCardiovascular risk reduction
BeetHyperlipidemia
BerberineHypercholesterolemia
BerberineMetabolic syndrome (coronary heart disease)
Beta-caroteneAbdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) prevention
Beta-caroteneAngioplasty
Beta-caroteneCardiovascular disease
Beta-glucanCardiovascular disease
Beta-glucanHeart protection during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
Betaine anhydrousHyperhomocysteinemia (in chronic renal failure patients)
Beta-sitosterol, SitosterolHypercholesterolemia
Bifidobacterium longum BB536Hyperlipidemia
BilberryCardiovascular disease risk
BiotinCardiovascular disease risk (in diabetics)
Black cohoshCoronary heart disease (postmenopausal women)
Black seedHyperlipidemia
Black teaHeart attack prevention / cardiovascular risk
Blood irradiation therapyCardiovascular disease
BlueberryCardiovascular disease risk
Borage seed oilHyperlipidemia
Brewer's yeastLipid lowering effects
BuckwheatHypercholesterolemia
Cabbage, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Collard, Kale, Brussels sprouts, KohlrabiHigh cholesterol
CalciumCardiovascular risk reduction
CalciumMyocardial infarction
CarrageenanHyperlipidemia
CashewMetabolic syndrome
ChamomileCardiovascular conditions
Chelation therapyAtherosclerosis
Chelation therapyHeart disease
ChocolateCardiovascular health
ChocolateHypercholesterolemia
CholineCardiovascular disease
Chondroitin sulfateCoronary artery disease
ChromiumCardiovascular disease
ChromiumHyperlipidemia
ChromiumMetabolic syndrome
CinnamonAngina
CinnamonMetabolic syndrome (coronary heart disease)
CoconutHigh cholesterol
Coenzyme Q10Angina
Coenzyme Q10Cardiomyopathy
Coenzyme Q10Cardiovascular disease risk
Coenzyme Q10Coronary heart disease
Coenzyme Q10Heart attack
Coenzyme Q10Heart disease (chronic myocardial disease)
Coenzyme Q10Heart protection during surgery
Coenzyme Q10Hypertriglyceridemia
Coenzyme Q10Lipid lowering effects
Conjugated linoleic acidCardiovascular disease risk
Conjugated linoleic acidHypercholesterolemia
CopperCardiovascular disease prevention / atherosclerosis
CordycepsHyperlipidemia
CorydalisAngina pectoris
CranberryCardiovascular disease
CranberryLipid lowering effects
CranberryMetabolic syndrome (coronary heart disease)
CreatineCardiovascular health
CreatineHyperlipidemia
CreatineIschemic heart disease
CreatineMyocardial infarction
CuppingLipid lowering effects
CuppingMetabolic syndrome (coronary heart disease)
DanshenCardiovascular disease / angina
DanshenHyperlipidemia
DHEACoronary artery disease
DillHyperlipidemia
Docosahexaenoic acidHyperlipidemia
Dong quaiHeart disease
Elderberry and elderflowerCardiovascular disease risk
Elderberry and elderflowerHyperlipidemia
Evening primroseCardiovascular health
Evening primroseHyperlipidemia
FenugreekHyperlipidemia
Fermented milkCardiovascular disease
Fermented milkHypercholesterolemia
Flaxseed and flaxseed oilAtherosclerosis
Flaxseed and flaxseed oilCardiovascular disease
Flaxseed and flaxseed oilHyperlipidemia
Flaxseed and flaxseed oilMetabolic syndrome
FolateCardiovascular disease
FolateCoronary artery disease (prevention of nitrate tolerance)
French maritime pine bark extractHypercholesterolemia
GalactooligosaccharidesLipid lowering effects
Gamma oryzanolPrevention of restenosis after coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
GarlicAngina
GarlicAtherosclerosis
GarlicCardiac secondary prevention
GarlicFamilial hyperlipidemia
GingerHyperlipidemia
GinkgoCardiovascular disease
GinsengCardiomyopathy
GinsengCardiovascular conditions
GinsengCoronary artery disease
GinsengHeart disease (congenital)
GinsengHyperlipidemia
GinsengMyocardial infarction
GoldensealHypercholesterolemia
GrapeCardiovascular disease risk
GrapeCoronary artery disease
GrapeHypercholesterolemia
GrapefruitHeart disease
Green coffeeCardiovascular disease risk
Green teaCardiovascular conditions
Green teaHypertriglyceridemia
GymnemaHyperlipidemia
HawthornCardiovascular disease risk
HawthornCoronary artery (heart) disease
HibiscusHyperlipidemia
HomeopathyHeart disease
HoneyHypercholesterolemia
HopsCardiovascular risk reduction
HopsMetabolic syndrome (coronary heart disease)
Horny goat weedAtherosclerosis
Hydroxymethyl butyrateCardiovascular disease risk
Inositol nicotinateHypercholesterolemia
IsoflavonesCardiovascular disease risk
KefirHypercholesterolemia
KrillHyperlipidemia
KudzuCardiovascular disease / angina
KudzuHeart protection during surgery
KudzuHyperlipidemia
Kundalini YogaAngina pectoris
Kundalini YogaCardiovascular health
LavenderCardiovascular disease risk
L-carnitineCardiovascular disease
L-carnitineCardiovascular disease risk
L-carnitineHyperlipoproteinemia
L-carnitineMyocardial infarction
L-carnitineMyocardial injury (due to carbon monoxide poisoning)
LecithinCardiovascular health
LemongrassHypercholesterolemia
LicoriceHigh cholesterol
LicoriceHyperlipidemia
LignansCardiovascular disease
LignansHypercholesterolemia
LuteinAtherosclerosis
LycopeneAtherosclerosis (coronary artery disease)
LycopeneCardiovascular disease risk
LycopeneLipid lowering effects
Macrobiotic dietCholesterol
MagnesiumAcute myocardial infarction
MagnesiumCardiac arrest
MagnesiumCoronary artery disease (CAD)
MagnesiumMyocardial infarction prevention
MeditationCardiovascular disease
MeditationCardiovascular rehabilitation
MeditationHypercholesterolemia
MelatoninCardiovascular disease
MelatoninHigh cholesterol
Milk thistleHyperlipidemia
Monterey pineCardiovascular health
MotherwortCardiomyopathy
MoxibustionAtherosclerosis
MoxibustionHypercholesterolemia
Music therapyCardiac conditions
MustardAcute myocardial infarction
MustardHypercholesterolemia
N-Acetyl CysteineAngina pectoris
N-Acetyl CysteineHeart protection during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
N-Acetyl CysteineHyperhomocysteinemia
N-Acetyl CysteineHyperlipidemia (Lp(a))
N-Acetyl CysteineMyocardial ischemia
NoniLipid lowering effects
NopalHyperlipidemia
Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acidAngina pectoris
Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acidAtherosclerosis
Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acidCardiovascular disease risk
Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acidHyperlipidemia (cholesterol lowering)
Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acidPrevention of graft failure after heart bypass surgery
Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acidPrevention of restenosis after coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acidPrimary cardiovascular disease prevention (alpha-linolenic acid [ALA])
Omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil, alpha-linolenic acidSecondary cardiovascular disease prevention (alpha-linolenic acid [ALA])
OnionHyperlipidemia
OnionMyocardial infarction (risk)
OreganoCardiovascular disease risk
Ozone therapyCardiovascular conditions
Paleo diet, caveman dietCardiovascular disease risk
Palm oilAtherosclerosis
Palm oilHypercholesterolemia
PantethineHeart disease
Pantothenic acidCardiovascular disease
PeonyCoronary heart disease (prevention)
PeonyCoronary heart disease (treatment)
PeonyLipid lowering effects
PhosphatidylcholineHyperlipoproteinemia (drug-induced)
Physical therapyCardiovascular conditions
PolicosanolHypercholesterolemia
PolydextroseLipid lowering (cholesterol and triglycerides)
PomegranateAtherosclerosis
PomegranateCoronary heart disease (prevention)
PomegranateHyperlipidemia
PomegranateMetabolic syndrome
PotassiumCardiovascular disease (prevention)
PotassiumHeart protection during surgery
PotassiumMyocardial infarction
Prayer, distant healingCardiovascular disease
ProbioticsCardiovascular disease
ProgesteroneHypercholesterolemia
PsychotherapyAlexithymia and coronary heart disease
PyruvateHeart muscle protection during heart surgery
PyruvateHyperlipidemia
Qi gongAngina
Qi gongAtherosclerosis
Qi gongCardiovascular health
Qi gongCardiovascular rehabilitation
QuercetinCardiovascular disease
Red cloverCardiovascular - blood flow
Red cloverHyperhomocysteinemia
Red cloverLipid lowering effects
Red yeast riceCoronary heart disease
Reishi mushroomCardiovascular disease risk
Reishi mushroomCoronary heart disease
Relaxation therapyAngina
Relaxation therapyCardiovascular conditions
Relaxation therapyMyocardial infarction
ResveratrolCardiovascular disease
RhubarbHypercholesterolemia
RiboflavinHyperhomocysteinemia
Royal jellyHyperlipidemia
SafflowerAngina pectoris / coronary artery disease
SafflowerAtherosclerosis (lipid peroxidation)
SafflowerCardiovascular disorders (chronic cor pulmonale)
SafflowerFamilial hyperlipidemia
SafflowerHypercholesterolemia
SageHyperlipidemia
SavoryHyperlipidemia (in diabetic patients)
ScopolamineMyocardial infarction
Scotch broomCardiovascular conditions
Sea buckthornCardiovascular disease
Sea buckthornHyperlipidemia
Seaweed, kelp, bladderwrackCardiovascular health
Seaweed, kelp, bladderwrackMetabolic syndrome
SeleniumCardiovascular disease (prevention)
SesameCardiovascular disease risk
SesameHypercholesterolemia
Shea butterLipid lowering effects (cholesterol and triglycerides)
SoyCardiovascular health
SoyMetabolic syndrome
SquillCoronary artery disease
SulfurAtherosclerosis
Sunflower oilCardiovascular risk reduction
Sunflower oilHyperlipidemia
Tai chiCardiovascular disease
Tai chiCardiovascular rehabilitation
TaurineHypercholesterolemia
TENSAngina (chest pain)
ThiamineAtherosclerosis
Thymus extractCardiomyopathy
TocotrienolsCardiac abnormalities (autonomic/hypertensive crises and cardiac instability associated with familial dysautonomia)
TocotrienolsHypercholesterolemia
Traditional Chinese medicineCardiovascular disease / angina
Traditional Chinese medicineCoronary heart disease
TribulusCoronary artery disease
TurmericCardiovascular risk reduction
TurmericHyperlipidemia
TurmericMyocardial infarction (Post CABG)
Vitamin B12Angioplasty
Vitamin B12Cardiovascular disease/hyperhomocysteinemia
Vitamin B12High cholesterol
Vitamin B6Angioplasty
Vitamin B6Cardiovascular disease / hyperhomocysteinemia
Vitamin CHyperlipidemia
Vitamin CIschemic heart disease
Vitamin CNitrate tolerance
Vitamin EAngina
Vitamin EAtherosclerosis
Vitamin ECardiovascular disease
Vitamin ECardiovascular disease in dialysis patients
Vitamin EHyperlipidemia
Vitamin KCardiovascular conditions
Whey proteinCardiovascular disease risk
Wild yamHyperlipidemia
Yerba mateLipid lowering effects
YuccaHypercholesterolemia
ZincHyperlipidemia
Grade: D (Fair Negative Scientific Evidence)
TherapySpecific therapeutic Use(s)
AcaciaHypercholesterolemia
AcidophilusHyperlipidemia
AloeCardiovascular disease
Beta-caroteneCardiovascular disease risk
Betaine anhydrousCardiovascular disease (in patients without hyperhomocysteinemia)
CalciumCardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
CreatineCoronary artery disease
GlucosamineHypercholesterolemia
Guided imageryCatheterization / percutaneous coronary intervention
Sunflower oilAtherosclerosis
Vitamin CHeart disease prevention
Vitamin DCardiovascular disease
Vitamin DHyperlipidemia
Grade: F (Strong Negative Scientific Evidence)
TherapySpecific therapeutic Use(s)
ArginineMyocardial infarction
Betaine anhydrousCholesterol levels
Traditional or Theoretical Uses which Lack Sufficient Evidence
TherapySpecific therapeutic Use(s)
AbutaHypercholesterolemia
AçaíAtherosclerosis
AçaíHypercholesterolemia
AcerolaAtherosclerosis
AcerolaHeart disease
AcerolaHypercholesterolemia
AcidophilusHeart disease
AconiteHeart disease
Active hexose correlated compoundLipid lowering effects
Acupressure, shiatsu, tuinaAngina
AcupunctureCardiac syndrome X
AcupunctureCardiomyopathy
AcupunctureHypercholesterolemia
AcupunctureMyocardial infarction
AdMax™Cardiotonic
AdMax™Hypercholesterolemia
Adrenal extractCholesterol
African wild potatoCoronary disease
African wild potatoHigh cholesterol
AgarHyperlipidemia
AgrimonyCardiotonic
AlbiziaHypercholesterolemia
Alexander techniqueHeart disease
AlginHyperlipidemia
AlginLipid lowering effects
AllspiceAtherosclerosis
AllspiceHyperlipemia
Alpha-ketoglutarateHyperlipidemia
Alpha-lipoic acidAtherosclerosis
Alpinia spp.Cardiovascular disease
Alpinia spp.Hyperlipidemia
AmalakiAtherosclerosis
AmalakiCardiac disease
Amaranth oilHigh cholesterol
AmbretteCardiotonic
AmbretteHeart disease
American helleboreCardiac conditions
American wormseedCardiac conditions (stimulant)
AndrographisAtherosclerosis
AndrostenedioneCardiovascular health
AniseHeart disease
AnnattoCardiotonic
AnnattoHigh cholesterol
AntineoplastonsCholesterol/triglyceride abnormalities
Aortic acidAngina
Aortic acidHypercholesterolemia
AppleAtherosclerosis
AppleCardiovascular conditions
AppleMyocardial infarction prevention
Apple cider vinegarHigh cholesterol
ArabinoxylanCardiovascular disease
ArabinoxylanHigh cholesterol
ArginineHyperhomocysteinemia
ArnicaAngina pectoris
ArnicaAtherosclerosis
ArnicaCardiac abnormalities
ArnicaCardiotonic
ArnicaCoronary artery disease
ArnicaHyperlipidemia
Arsenicum albumAngina
Arsenicum albumCardiac diseases
AshwagandhaCardiovascular disease
Aspartic acidCardiovascular health
Aspartic acidHigh cholesterol
AstaxanthinAtherosclerosis (prevention)
AstaxanthinCardiovascular disease
AstaxanthinIschemic injury
AstragalusHigh cholesterol
Atkins Diet®Cardiovascular disease
Atkins Diet®Metabolic syndrome (atherogenic dyslipidemia)
Autogenic therapyHeart attack recovery
Autogenic therapyHigh cholesterol
AvocadoAtherosclerosis
BacopaCardiotonic
BacopaCardiovascular disease
Bael fruitAngina pectoris
Bael fruitCardiac conditions (pericarditis)
Bael fruitCardiotonic
Bael fruitHyperlipidemia
Baikal skullcapAtherosclerosis
Baikal skullcapCardiovascular disease
Baikal skullcapHyperlipidemia
Baikal skullcapMyocardial ischemia
BalaCardiotonic
BalaCardiovascular disease
BalaMyocardial infarction
BanabaCoronary artery disease
BanabaHyperlipidemia
BanabaHypertriglyceridemia
BanabaMetabolic syndrome
BarberryCardiac conditions (heart rate, contractility)
BarberryCardiovascular disease
BayberryHigh cholesterol
Bean podCardiac diseases
BeansCardiovascular disease
BeansMyocardial infarction prevention
Bee pollenHigh cholesterol
BeerMetabolic syndrome
BeeswaxLipid lowering
BerberineCardiovascular disease
BergamotCardiovascular disease
BergamotHyperlipidemia
Beta-caroteneHigh cholesterol
Beta-glucanAtherosclerosis
Betaine anhydrousAngina
Betaine anhydrousAtherosclerosis
Betaine anhydrousIschemic heart disease
Beta-sitosterol, SitosterolCardiovascular disease
BilberryAngina
BilberryHyperlipidemia
BiotinCardiac conditions
BiotinHyperlipidemia
Bitter melonHyperlipidemia
Bitter orangeCardiovascular disease
Black cohoshHeart disease/palpitations
Black currantCardiovascular disease
Black currantHeart disease prevention
Black helleboreCardiac disease
Black horehoundHigh cholesterol
Black seedCardiovascular disease
Black seedHyperhomocysteinemia
Black walnutCoronary heart disease
Blood irradiation therapyCatheterization / percutaneous coronary intervention
Blood irradiation therapyLipid lowering effects
BloodrootHeart disease
Blue flagAngina
BlueberryCholesterol levels
BoronHigh cholesterol
BoswelliaAtherosclerosis
BoswelliaCardiovascular disease
BoswelliaHyperlipidemia
Bowen therapyCardiovascular problems
BromelainAngina
BromelainAtherosclerosis
BuckwheatHyperlipidemia
BupleurumAngina
BupleurumHypercholesterolemia
BupleurumHyperlipidemia
Buteyko breathing techniqueCardiovascular disease
ButterburCardiovascular conditions
Cabbage, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Collard, Kale, Brussels sprouts, KohlrabiCardiotonic
Cabbage, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Collard, Kale, Brussels sprouts, KohlrabiIschemic heart disease
CaffeineIschemic heart disease
CalamusHyperlipidemia
CalciumCardiac arrest
CalciumHigh cholesterol
CalendulaCardiovascular disease
Canada balsamAngina
Canada balsamCardiovascular disease
CanthaxanthinAtherosclerosis
CapersArteriosclerosis
CarawayHypercholesterolemia
CarawayHyperlipidemia
CardamomCardiac conditions
CarnosineAtherosclerosis
CarnosineCardiac ischemia
CarrageenanAtherosclerosis
Cat's clawHeart disease
Cat's clawHypercholesterolemia
CatuabaCardiotonic
CatuabaCardiovascular health
CayenneCardiovascular disorders
CayenneLipid lowering effects
Cedar leaf oilAngina
CeleryHyperlipidemia
ChagaCardiovascular disease
ChagaHyperlipidemia
Chanca piedraCardiovascular disease
Chanca piedraHyperlipidemia
CherryAtherosclerosis
ChiaAngina
ChiaCoronary heart disease (CHD)
ChiaHeart attack
ChiaHyperlipidemia
ChiaIschemic injury
ChicoryHyperlipidemia
ChicoryHypertriglyceridemia
Chinese medicineCardiovascular disease/angina
ChitosanAtherosclerosis
ChivesHyperlipidemia
ChlorellaAtherosclerosis
ChlorellaHypercholesterolemia
ChlorophyllAtherosclerosis
ChlorophyllHyperlipidemia
CholineHyperhomocysteinemia
CholineHyperlipidemia
Chondroitin sulfateAngina
Chondroitin sulfateAtherosclerosis
Chondroitin sulfateCardiovascular health
Chondroitin sulfateHeart attack prevention
Chondroitin sulfateHyperlipidemia
ChromiumAtherosclerosis
ChrysinAtherosclerosis
ChrysinCardiovascular disease
CilantroHypercholesterolemia
CinnamonHypercholesterolemia
Cissus quadrangularisHyperlipidemia
CiticolineHigh cholesterol
ClayCardiovascular disorders
CloveAtherosclerosis
CloveLipid lowering effects
CoconutHeart disease
CodonopsisMyocardial injury
Coenzyme Q10Atherosclerosis
Coenzyme Q10Cardiac ischemia
Coenzyme Q10Iatrogenic lipodystrophy
ColeusAngina (chest pain)
ColeusAtherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
ColeusHeart disease
ComfreyAngina
Conjugated linoleic acidMetabolic syndrome
CopperHypercholesterolemia
CopperRheumatic heart disease
CoralCardiovascular disease
CordycepsCardiovascular disease
CorianderCardiovascular disorders
CorianderHyperlipidemia
Costus spp.Hyperlipidemia
CowslipCardiovascular health
CranberryAtherosclerosis
CranberryHypercholesterolemia
CreatineHyperhomocysteinemia
CuminAtherosclerosis
CuminCardiovascular disease
CuminHypercholesterolemia
DandelionCardiovascular disorders
DandelionClogged arteries
DandelionHigh cholesterol
DanshenAcute myocardial infarction (heart attack)
DanshenClogged arteries
Datura wrightiiChest pain
Detoxification therapyAngina pectoris
Detoxification therapyAtherosclerosis
Detoxification therapyHeart disease
Detoxification therapyHyperlipidemia
Devil's clawArteriosclerosis (clogged arteries)
Devil's clawCoronary artery disease
Devil's clawHigh cholesterol
Devil's clubHeart disease
DHEAPrevention of restenosis after coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
DiindolylmethaneAtherosclerosis
DMSOCardiovascular disease
DMSOHypercholesterolemia
DogwoodCoronary heart disease
DogwoodHyperlipidemia
Dong quaiAtherosclerosis
Dong quaiHyperlipidemia
Dong quaiMyocardial ischemia
DurianHypercholesterolemia
EchinaceaCardiovascular disease
ElecampaneAngina pectoris
ElecampaneCardiovascular disease
ElecampaneMyocardial infarction
Emu oilAtherosclerosis
Emu oilHypercholesterolemia
EuphorbiaHyperlipidemia
Evening primroseAtherosclerosis
FennelAtherosclerosis
FennelMyocardial infarction
FenugreekCardiac conditions (asthenia)
FenugreekMetabolic syndrome (coronary heart disease)
Fermented milkIschemic heart disease
FeverfewMyocardial injury
FolateIschemic heart disease
Fo-tiAngina pectoris
Fo-tiAtherosclerosis
Fo-tiHeart disease
Fo-tiHypercholesterolemia
FoxgloveCardiovascular disease
FoxgloveHypercholesterolemia
FoxgloveHyperhomocysteinemia
French maritime pine bark extractAtherosclerosis
French maritime pine bark extractMyocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury
Fulvic acidCardiovascular disease
FumariaCoronary artery disease
Gamma oryzanolAtherosclerosis
Gamma oryzanolHeart disease
GardeniaAtherosclerosis
GardeniaCardiovascular disease
GermaniumAngina
GermaniumArteriosclerosis
GermaniumCardiac abnormalities
GermaniumHeart attack (acute myocardial infarction)
GermaniumHeart disease
GingerAtherosclerosis
GingerCardiovascular disease
GingerCoronary artery disease
GinkgoHyperlipidemia
Globe artichokeAtherosclerosis
GlycomacropeptideCardiovascular disease risk
GlyconutrientsHeart disease
GlyconutrientsHigh cholesterol
GojiAtherosclerosis
GojiHeart muscle injury
GojiLipid lowering effects
GoldensealAtherosclerosis
GossypolAngina
GossypolCardiovascular disease
GossypolHypercholesterolemia
Gotu kolaCardiovascular disorders (cerebrovascular disease)
GrapeMyocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury
GraviolaCardiac conditions (asthenia)
Green coffeeCardiovascular health
Green-lipped musselCardiovascular disease
GuarumoArteriosclerosis
GuggulAtherosclerosis
Guided imageryAngina
Guided imageryHigh cholesterol
GymnemaCardiovascular disease
HaritakiCardiotonic
HaritakiHypercholesterolemia
HawthornArteriosclerosis
HawthornCardiac murmurs
HawthornHyperlipidemia
Healing touchCardiovascular disease
Healing touchHeart disease
HesperidinCardiovascular disease (prevention)
HesperidinCholesterol levels
HibiscusAtherosclerosis
HibiscusCardiovascular disorders
Holy basilAtherosclerosis
Holy basilCardiopathy
Holy basilCardiovascular health (cardioprotection)
Holy basilHeart disease
Holy basilHigh cholesterol
HomeopathyAngina
HoneyCoronary artery disease
HopsAtherosclerosis
HopsHyperlipidemia
Horny goat weedHypercholesterolemia
Horny goat weedHyperhomocysteinemia
Huperzine ACardiac function
HydrotherapyAngina pectoris
HydrotherapyHypercholesterolemia
Hypnotherapy, hypnosisHeart disease
Hypnotherapy, hypnosisIschemic heart disease
HyssopCardiovascular conditions
HyssopHyperlipidemia
IodineCardiovascular disease
IodineHyperlipidemia
IridologyHeart disease
IsoflavonesAtherosclerosis
IsoflavonesCardiovascular disease
IsoflavonesHypercholesterolemia
Ivy gourdCardiovascular disease
Ivy gourdHyperlipidemia
Japanese knotweedCardiotonic
Japanese knotweedLipid-lowering effects
JasmineCardiovascular disease
JasmineHypercholesterolemia
JequirityHigh cholesterol
JiaogulanAtherosclerosis
JiaogulanHypercholesterolemia
KatukaHyperlipidemia
KatukaMyocardial infarction
KefirIschemic heart disease
KhellaAngina
KhellaArteriosclerosis
KhellaCardiovascular disorders
KhellaHyperlipidemia
KhellaMyocardial infarction (recovery)
KiwiCardiovascular health
KiwiHypertriglyceridemia
Kola nutCardiotonic
KombuchaCardiovascular disease
KombuchaLipid lowering effects
Korean pineAngina pectoris
Korean pineCardiovascular disorders
Korean pineHypercholesterolemia
Korean pineHyperlipidemia
KrillAcute myocardial infarction (heart attack)
KrillCardiovascular disease risk
KrillHeart disease
KudzuMetabolic syndrome
Kundalini YogaHeart attack
Lemon balmAtherosclerosis
Lemon balmCardiovascular conditions
Lemon balmLipid lowering effects
LemongrassCardiovascular health (cardiac rate)
LemongrassHyperlipidemia
LicoriceCoronary artery disease
LicoriceCoronary artery disease
LignansAtherosclerosis
LignansMyocardial infarction
Liver extractCardiovascular disease
LobeliaCardiovascular disease
LotusCardiotonic
LotusHyperlipidemia
LuffaChest pain
LuteinHyperlipidemia
LycheeCardiovascular disease risk
LycheeHigh cholesterol
LycopeneCoronary death prevention
LycopeneHyperlipoproteinemia
LycopeneMyocardial infarction prevention
LysineAtherosclerosis
MaceAtherosclerosis
MaceHypercholesterolemia
Macrobiotic dietCoronary disease
Macrobiotic dietHeart disease
Magnet therapyCardiovascular disorders
Maitake mushroomLipid lowering effects
Manchurian thornCardiotonic
Manchurian thornHigh cholesterol
Manchurian thornHyperlipidemia
ManganeseHeart disease
ManganeseHigh cholesterol
ManganeseMetabolic syndrome (coronary heart disease)
Mango seed fiberLipid lowering (cholesterol and triglycerides)
MangosteenCardiotonic
Maral rootCardiotonic
MarijuanaAngina
MarijuanaCardiovascular disease
MarijuanaLipid-lowering (cholesterol and triglycerides)
MassageCoronary artery disease
MasticCardiovascular disease
MasticHyperlipidemia
MeadowsweetHeart disease
MeditationAngina (chest pain)
MelatoninNitrate tolerance
Milk thistleAtherosclerosis
Milk thistleIschemic injury
Mist bredinaCardiovascular conditions
MistletoeAtherosclerosis
Modified citrus pectinAtherosclerosis
Modified citrus pectinHyperlipidemia
MoringaCardiotonic
MoringaHypercholesterolemia
MotherwortCardiotonic
MotherwortCardiovascular disease
MotherwortHyperlipidemia
MoxibustionCardiovascular disease
Muira puamaAtherosclerosis
Muira puamaCardiac conditions (asthenia)
Music therapyCardiac conditions
MyrciaCardiotonic
N-Acetyl CysteineCardiovascular disease
NattokinaseAngina
NattokinaseAtherosclerosis
NattokinaseCholesterol (lowering)
NeemCardiovascular disease
NeemHyperlipidemia
NiacinAngina
NiacinCoronary artery disease
NiacinHeart attack prevention
NiacinMetabolic syndrome
NoniAtherosclerosis
NoniCardiovascular disease
NopalIschemic injury
NopalMetabolic syndrome (coronary heart disease)
NutmegAtherosclerosis
NutmegHypercholesterolemia
Nux vomicaCardiovascular disorders
OctacosanolAtherosclerosis
OctacosanolCardiovascular health
OctacosanolCoronary heart disease
OctacosanolHyperlipidemia
OctacosanolIschemic heart disease
OleanderCardiotonic
Omega-6 fatty acidsCardiovascular disease
Omega-6 fatty acidsHigh cholesterol
OnionAtherosclerosis
OnionCardiovascular disease
OnionCoronary heart disease
OreganoHigh cholesterol
Oregon grapeCardiac conditions
Organic foodAtherosclerosis
Organic foodCoronary heart disease
Organic foodHeart disease (prevention)
Ornithine alpha-ketoglutarateHyperlipidemia
Osteopathic medicineChest pain
Ozone therapyCholesterol metabolism disorders
Ozone therapyHigh cholesterol
Paleo diet, caveman dietHyperlipidemia
Palm oilCardiovascular disease
PancreatinCardiovascular disease
Pantothenic acidHigh cholesterol
Pantothenic acidHypertriglyceridemia
PapainCardiovascular disease
PaprikaCardiovascular health
PaprikaHyperlipidemia
Para-aminobenzoic acidAtherosclerosis
ParsleyHeart disease
Pata de vacaHyperlipidemia
Pau d'arcoAtherosclerosis
PeonyCardiovascular disease
PeppermintCardiovascular disease
PerillaArteriosclerosis
PerillaCardiovascular disease
PerillaHypercholesterolemia
PerillaHypertriglyceridemia
Perillyl alcoholCardiovascular disease
Perillyl alcoholHypercholesterolemia
PeriwinkleAngina
PeriwinkleCardiac ischemia
PeriwinkleHeart disease
PhlorizinCardiovascular health
PhosphatidylcholineAtherosclerosis
PhosphatidylcholineCardiac ischemia
PhosphatidylcholineHigh cholesterol
Physical therapyAcute myocardial infarction
Physical therapyAngina (chest pain)
PhytoestrogensCardiovascular disease
Plant sterolsCoronary heart disease
PolicosanolAtherosclerosis (atherosclerotic lesions)
PolicosanolHeart damage (myocardial necrosis, hypertension, iatrogenic lipodystrophy)
Prayer, distant healingAngioplasty
ProgesteroneCardiovascular conditions
PSKAtherosclerosis
PsylliumAtherosclerosis
PyruvateCardiac arrest
PyruvateCardiopulmonary resuscitation
Qi gongHeart attack prevention
QuercetinAtherosclerosis
QuercetinCoronary heart disease
QuercetinHyperlipidemia
QuinoaHypertriglyceridemia
RaspberryAtherosclerosis
RaspberryCardiovascular disease
RaspberryCardiovascular disorders
Raspberry ketoneHyperlipidemia
Red cloverHeart disease prevention
Red yeast riceAtherosclerosis
ReflexologyChest pain
RehmanniaCoronary heart disease (postmenopausal symptoms)
RehmanniaHyperlipidemia
ReikiCardiopulmonary resuscitation
ReikiCardiovascular disease
ReikiCardiovascular risk reduction
ReikiHeart attack
Reishi mushroomLipid lowering (cholesterol and triglycerides)
Relaxation therapyCoronary artery disease
Relaxation therapyHigh cholesterol
Relaxation therapyIschemic heart disease
ResveratrolLipid lowering effects
ResveratrolMetabolic syndrome
RhodiolaCardiovascular disease
RhodiolaHyperlipidemia
RhodiolaMyocardial ischemia
RiboflavinAtherosclerosis
RiboflavinCardiovascular disease
Rose hipAtherosclerosis
Rose hipHigh cholesterol
RosemaryAtherosclerosis
RosemaryCardiovascular disease
RosemaryHypercholesterolemia
RosemaryIschemic heart disease
Royal jellyCardiovascular disease
RutinAtherosclerosis
RutinCoronary heart disease
Saccharomyces boulardiiHyperlipidemia
SafflowerCardiovascular conditions
SaffronAtherosclerosis
SaffronCardiovascular disease
SaffronCoronary heart disease
SaffronHigh cholesterol
SalaciaCardiovascular problems (diabetes-related)
SalaciaHyperlipidemia
Salvia divinorumCardiovascular disease
SAMeCardiovascular disease
SAMeHyperlipidemia
SanghuangCardiovascular risk reduction
Sangre de gradoChest pain
SaussureaCardiovascular disease
SaussureaHyperlipidemia
SaussureaMetabolic syndrome (cardiovascular disease)
SavoryCardiovascular disease
SchisandraCardiovascular disease
SchisandraHypercholesterolemia
Scotch broomAngina
Scotch broomCardiomyopathy
Sea buckthornCardiovascular disorders (due to cold stress)
Seaweed, kelp, bladderwrackHyperlipidemia
SeleniumAtherosclerosis
SeleniumCardiac function (myocardial infarction rehabilitation)
SeleniumHyperlipidemia
SesameHeart disease
Shark cartilageAtherosclerosis
ShiitakeAtherosclerosis
ShiitakeCardiovascular disease
ShiitakeHypercholesterolemia
Siberian ginsengAtherosclerosis
Siberian ginsengCardiotonic
Siberian ginsengHeart disease
Siberian ginsengHypercholesterolemia
Siberian ginsengIschemic heart disease
SilicaCardiovascular disease risk
SodiumCardiovascular disease
Sodium bicarbonateCardiac arrest
Sodium bicarbonateCardiopulmonary resuscitation
SoyAtherosclerosis
SpinachCardiovascular disease
SpinachHypercholesterolemia
Spiritual healingHeart attack
SpirulinaAtherosclerosis
SpirulinaCardiovascular disease
SquillCardiotonic
StereospermumCardiotonic
Stinging nettleAngina pectoris
Stinging nettleCardiac abnormalities
SulfurHypercholesterolemia
SumaHigh cholesterol
Sweet almondHeart disease
Sweet basilAtherosclerosis
Sweet basilCardiovascular risk reduction
Sweet basilHypercholesterolemia
Sweet marjoramCardiovascular disease
Tai chiCoronary artery disease
TamarindChest pain
TamarindCholesterol metabolism disorders
TangerineAtherosclerosis
TangerineCardiovascular disease
TaurineCardiomyopathy (dilated, hypertrophic)
TaurineCardiovascular health (cardiac contractility, myocardial revascularization, atherosclerosis, hyperhomocysteinemia, hypertriglyceridemia)
TaurineIschemic heart disease
TheanineCardiovascular disorders
TheanineHypercholesterolemia
TheanineHypertriglyceridemia
Therapeutic touchCardiovascular disease
ThymeHypercholesterolemia
Thymus extractAngina
Thymus extractAtherosclerosis
Thymus extractCardiac disease
Thymus extractHypercholesterolemia
Thymus extractIschemic heart disease
TocotrienolsAtherosclerosis
TribulusAngina pectoris
TribulusHigh cholesterol
Trumpet satinashCardiovascular disease
TurmericAtherosclerosis
TurmericHeart damage from doxorubicin (Adriamycin®, Doxil®)
TyrosineHeart disease
Urine therapyArteriosclerosis
Urine therapyCoronary artery disease
Urine therapyHeart attack
Urine therapyHeart disease
ValerianAngina pectoris
ValerianHeart disease
VanadiumAtherosclerosis
VanadiumCardiovascular disease
VanadiumHypercholesterolemia
VanadiumMetabolic syndrome
Vitamin AHeart disease
Vitamin B6High cholesterol
Vitamin CAtherosclerosis
Vitamin DMetabolic syndrome (coronary heart disease)
Vitamin ECardiomyopathy
Vitamin ENitrate tolerance
Vitamin KCoronary artery disease (calcification)
Vitamin KHigh cholesterol (dialysis patients)
Vitamin KMetabolic syndrome (coronary heart disease)
Vitamin OAtherosclerosis
Vitamin OHeart disease
White bryonyCardiovascular disorders
White horehoundCardiovascular disease prevention / atherosclerosis
White horehoundHyperlipidemia
Wild indigoAngina
Wild yamCardiovascular disease
Willow barkCoronary artery disease prevention
Willow barkMyocardial infarction
WormwoodAtherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries
Yellow dockHigh cholesterol
Yerba mateAtherosclerosis
Yerba mateCardiovascular conditions (stimulant)
Yerba mateMetabolic syndrome
Yerba santaHypercholesterolemia
YewCardiovascular health
YogaHypercholesterolemia
Yohimbe bark extractChest pain
Yohimbe bark extractCoronary artery disease
Yohimbe bark extractHyperlipidemia
ZincAtherosclerosis
ZiziphusHyperlipidemia