Image for  Garcinia (), Hydroxycitric acid
Garcinia (Garcinia cambogia), Hydroxycitric acid

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • Bitter kola, brindal berry, brindall berry, brindleberry, Cambodia, Camboge, Cambogia gummi-guta L., Cambogia gutta L., Cambogia gutta Lindl., CitriLean, Citrimax, citrin, Citrinate, Criton K, desoxygambogenin, Gambodge, Gamboge (French), gambogellic acid, gambogenic acid, gambogin, gambogenin, gambogenin dimethyl acetal, Gambogium, gambooge, ganburin, Garcinia atroviridis, Garcinia bracteata, Garcinia Cambogi, Garcinia Cambogia, Garcinia hanburyi, Garcinia hunburyi, Garcinia indica, Garcinia kola, Garcinia mangostana, Garcinia multiflora, Garcinia neglecta, Garcinia puat, Garcinia pyrifera, garushinia kanbogia (Japanese), geelhars (Dutch), Gomaguta, Gomma guta, Gomme Gutte, gomme-gutte (French), gorikapuli, Gumme gutte, Gummigut, Gummigutt (German), Gummiguttbaum (German), gummi-gutti (Italian), gummiguttræ (Danish), gummiharpiks (Danish), Gummi-resina gutti, Gutta gamba, guttegom (Dutch), Gutti, Guttiferae (family), hydroxycitrate, (-)-hydroxycitric acid (HCA), isogambogenin, isomoreollin B, korakkaipuli (Sinhalese), Malabar tamarind, Mangostana cambogia (Gaertn.), mangosteen, Mangoustanier du Cambodge (French), morellin dimethyl acetal, moreollic acid, rubber resin, Tamarinier de Malabar (French), uppagi.
  • Combination product exmaples: Metabolife 356 (Vitamin E, magnesium chelate, zinc chelate, chromium piccolinate, guarana (seed), ephedra (ma huang) extract (ephedrine group alkaloids) (aerial part), bee pollen, eleuthero (Siberian ginseng) (root), ginger (root), lecithin, bovine complex, damiana (leaf), sarsaparilla (root), goldenseal (aerial part), nettle (leaf), gotu kola (aerial part), spirulina, royal jelly, citric acid, glycine, caffeine, croscarmellose sodium, protein hydrolysate, silica, modified cellulose, magnesium stearate, dextrin, dextrose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium citrate, ascorbic acid).
  • Metabolife Ephedra Free (Hydroxycitrate, dicalcium phosphate, chromium piccolinate, sodium, potassium, green tea extract (leaf), super Citrimax Garcinia cambogia extract (fruit), guarana extract (seed), yerba mate extract (leaf), modified cellulose, maltodextrin, caffeine, dicalcium phosphate, stearic acid, sodium bicarbonate, silica, dextrin, citric acid, dextrose, lecithin, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sodium citrate).
  • Super CitriMax (HCA-SX), a calcium/potassium-HCA extract, has been reported to reduce appetite, inhibit fat synthesis and decrease body weight without stimulating the central nervous system. NBC (niacin-bound chromium) has been reported to maintain healthy insulin levels, while GSE (grape seed extract) has been reported to regulate weight loss and blood sugar levels (1).

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • Garcinia cambogia is a diminutive purple fruit native to India and Southeast Asia. It is used as a weight loss aid, but the evidence is inconclusive. The rind is rich in hydroxycitric acid (HCA).
  • Garcinia kola is cultivated and distributed throughout west and central Africa and known mostly for its antimicrobial potential.
  • CitriMax has been reported to reduce appetite, inhibit fat synthesis and decrease body weight without stimulating the central nervous system (1).
  • Garcinia cambogia has not been proven to increase exercise performance or promote weight loss.
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Dosing/Toxicology

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Precautions/Contraindications

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Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

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Mechanism of Action

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History

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Evidence Table

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Evidence Discussion

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Products Studied

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.