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Jasmine (Jasminum spp.)
While some complementary and alternative techniques have been studied scientifically, high-quality data regarding safety, effectiveness, and mechanism of action are limited or controversial for most therapies. Whenever possible, it is recommended that practitioners be licensed by a recognized professional organization that adheres to clearly published standards. In addition, before starting a new technique or engaging a practitioner, it is recommended that patients speak with their primary healthcare provider(s). Potential benefits, risks (including financial costs), and alternatives should be carefully considered. The below monograph is designed to provide historical background and an overview of clinically-oriented research, and neither advocates for or against the use of a particular therapy.

Related Terms

  • 1-Alpha-terpineol, 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-ethanol, 2alpha,3beta,23-trihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester, 2alpha,3beta,23-trihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester, (2E,6E)-farnesol, 2''-epifraxamoside, 2-phenylethyl 6-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside, 2-phenylethyl beta-primeveroside, (2S)-5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavan-5-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, (2S)-5,7,3',5'-tetrahydroxy-flavanone 7-O-beta-D-allopyranoside, (2S)-5,7,3',5'-tetrahydroxy-flavanone 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, 3beta-acetyl-oleanolic acid, 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-hederagenin-28-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-galactopyranosyl ester, 4-hexanolide, 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone, 4-nonanolide, 5,7,3',5'-tetrahydroxyflavanone, 6'-O-menthiafoloylverbascoside, 7-glucosyl-l1-methyl oleoside, 7-ketologanin, 8-epi-kingiside, 10-hydroxyligstroside, 10-hydroxyoleoside dimethyl ester, 10-hydroxy-oleuropein, 11-dimethyl ester, aldehydes, alpha-terpinol, apiosylverbascoside, astragalin, benzaldehyde, benzonic acid, benzyl 6-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside, benzyl acetate, benzyl alcohol, benzyl benzoate, benzyl salicylate, beta-linalool, beta-primeveroside, beta-rutinoside, betulin, betulinaldehyde, betulinic acid, carbonylic compounds, Catalonian jasmine, catechins, Chinese jasmine green tea, cis-p-coumaric acid, common jasmine, common white jasmine, craigoside A, craigoside B, craigoside C, creosol, daucosterol, demethyl-2''-epifraxamoside, di-linalool, D-linalool, dotriacontanoic acid, dotriacontanol, (E)-2-hexenyl hexanoate, epicatechin, epicatechin gallate, epigallocatechin, epigallocatechin gallate, eugenol, farnesene, farnesol, ferulic acid, flavanone glucosides, gamma-hexenol, geraniol, glucosides, Hadagali Mallige, hederagenin-3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside, hederagenin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->3)-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside, hederagenin-3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->3)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside, hesperidin, heteroside, hexenyl benzoate, Indian jasmine, indole, isooleoacteoside, isooleoverbascoside, isoquercitrin, isoverbascoside, Italian jasmine, jasamplexoside A, jasamplexoside B, jasamplexoside C, jasgranoside, jashemsloside E, jaslanceoside A, jaslanceoside B, jasmin, jasmin absolute, jasminanhydride, jasmine absolute, jasmine flexile flower absolute, jasmine flower, jasmine lactone, jasmine tea, jasmine tea infusions, Jasmineae, Jasmini flos, jasminin, jasminium, jasminol, jasminoside, Jasminum, Jasminum abyssinicum, Jasminum amplexicaule, Jasminum amplexicaule Buch.-Ham., Jasminium auriculatum, Jasminum azoricum, Jasminum azoricum var. travancorense, Jasminum flexile flower absolute, Jasminum fruticans L., Jasminum grandiflorum, Jasminum grandiflorum L., Jasminum grandiflorum Linn., Jasminum hemsleyi, Jasminum lanceolarium, Jasminum mesnya, Jasminum multiflorum, Jasminum nudiflorum, Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl., Jasminum officinale, Jasminum officinale f. var. grandiflorum (L.) Kob., Jasminum officinale L. var. grandiflorum, Jasminum polyanthum, Jasminum polyanthum Franch., Jasminum primulinum, Jasminum primulinum Hemsl., Jasminum pubescens., Jasminum sacbac, Jasminum sambac, Jasminum sambac Ait., Jasminum subtriplinerve Blume, jasmolactone A, jasmolactone B, jasmolactone C, jasmolactone D, jasmonates, jasmone, jasnudifloside A, jasnudifloside B, jasnudifloside C, jasnudifloside D, jasnudifloside E, jasnudifloside F, jasnudifloside G, jasnudifloside H, jasnudifloside I, jasnudifloside J, jasnudifloside K, jasnudifloside L, jaspolyoside, jati, jessamine, kaempferol-3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->3)-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->6)]-beta-D-galactopyranoside, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside, ketones, lactones, ligstroside, linalool, linalyl acetate, liriodendrin, lup-20-en-3beta-ol, mannitol, methyl-4,5-didehydrojasmonate, methyl anthranilate, (-)-methyl jasmonate, methyl linolate, mo li hua, Mysore Mallige, nerol, nerolidol, night blooming jasmine, niu du teng, nonacosane, nonadiene-2,6-al, nonadiene-2,6-ol, nudifloside A, nudifloside B, nudifloside C, nudifloside D, Oleaceae (family), oleacein, oleanolic acid, oleoside-7 and 11-dimethyl ester, oleoside-11-methyl ester, oleuropein, oligomeric secoiridoid glucosides, oxylipin, p-cresol, phenolics, pikake (Hawaiian), poet's jasmine, poet's jessamine, primulinoside, royal jasmine, rutin, sambac (Pilipino), sambacein I, sambacein II, sambacein III, secoiridoid, secoiridoid lactones, Spanish jasmine, sterol, stigmast-5-en-3beta-ol, syringin, trans-cinnamic acid, trans-feruloyl ester of 10-hydroxyoleoside, trans-p-coumaric acid, trans-p-coumaroyl ester of 10-hydroxyoleoside, triterpenes, Udupu Mallige, ursolic acid, verbascoside, yasmin (Persian), yeh-hsi-ming, yellow jasmine.
  • Select combination products containing jasmine: Asian skin scrubs, Bitter orange & jasmine, Kusmi tea jasmine green tea, Mandarin jasmine hand renewal transformer, White jasmine & mint cologne.
  • Note: The focus of this monograph is Jasminum species. Other species are also called jasmine and are not the topic of this monograph. These include Cape jasmine (Gardenia jasminoides), rock jasmine (Androsace septentrionalis), wild jasmine (Clerodendrum inerme), Carolina jasmine or jessamine or American yellow jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens Ait. f.), Madagascar jasmine (Stephanotis floribunda Brongn.), day jasmine (Cestrum diurnum L.), orange jasmine (Murraya paniculata), and night jasmine (N. arbor-tristis). Jasmine tobacco and jasmine rice are also not included. Jasmine tea is a green, white, or black tea with jasmine flowers added. Jasmine tea is included in this monograph.

Background

  • Jasmine is a plant that has sweet, scented flowers. The flowers and oil are used in perfumes, essential oils, and food flavorings.
  • Early studies show that aromatherapy using jasmine may be relaxing. Some research has found that jasmine may be effective for reducing breast milk. Limited research reported that tea containing jasmine may have less of an effect on reducing the risk of stroke, compared to black or green tea without jasmine. More research is needed.

Evidence

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Dosing

The below doses are based on scientific research, publications, traditional use, or expert opinion. Many herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested, and safety and effectiveness may not be proven. Brands may be made differently, with variable ingredients, even within the same brand. The below doses may not apply to all products. You should read product labels, and discuss doses with a qualified healthcare provider before starting therapy.

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Safety

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not strictly regulate herbs and supplements. There is no guarantee of strength, purity or safety of products, and effects may vary. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy. Consult a healthcare provider immediately if you experience side effects.

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Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.