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Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • Aller-7, Aller-7/NR-A2, amalaki, amblabaum, amla (Phyllanthus emblica L.), Anna Pavala Sindhooram (APS), aonla, aovla, ascorbic acid, Bangladeshi medicinal plants, Chyawanprash, corilagin (beta-1-O-galloyl-3,6-(R)-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-d-glucose), Curcuma longa L-EtOH, dgg16(1,6-di-O-galloyl-beta-d-glucose), dhatriphala, emblic, emblic myrobalan, Emblica officinalis, Emblica officinalis Gaertn., Emblica officinalis polyphenol fraction (EOP), EO-50, gallic acid, groseilier de Ceylan, immu-21, mirobalano, myrobalan emblic, neli nellikkai, niacin, norsesquiterpenoids, Ophthacare™, phyllanemblinins A-F, Phyllanthus emblica, Phyllanthus emblica L-EtOH, proanthocyanidin polymers, pyrogallol, riboflavin, tannins, thiamin, triphala, vitamin C.

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • Indian gooseberry (Emblica officinalis) is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree native to India. In addition to their medicinal uses, its fruits are often eaten raw and used as ingredients for various Indian recipes.
  • Indian gooseberry is used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine to treat cancer, inflammation, renal disease, diabetes, and obesity (1;2;3;4;5;6). It is a component of the Indian Ayurvedic formulas Triphala and Chyawanprash (2;7;8). Indian gooseberry juice contains high vitamin C content (478.56mg/100mL) (9). Both the juice and extract are commonly used medicinally.
  • A human pilot study demonstrated reduction of blood cholesterol levels in both normal and hypercholesterolemic men (10). Additional research may focus on antidiabetic and anticancer effects of Indian gooseberry and its constituents.

Dosing/Toxicology

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Precautions/Contraindications

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Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

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Mechanism of Action

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History

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Evidence Table

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Evidence Discussion

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Products Studied

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.