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Bamboo (Arundinaria japonica)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • Arrow bamboo, Arundinaria japonica, bambusa, Dendrocalamus, Fargesia, Himalayacalamus, Indocalamus, Otatea, Phyllostachys edulis, Pleioblastus, Pseudosasa japonica, Sasaella, Sasa japonica, Semiarundinaria, Shibatea, Thamnocallamus.

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • Bamboo is the hard woody stems of bamboo plants. Bamboo cups were used in cupping therapy or "horn method" in ancient China. Today, the Chinese still use the cupping therapy to stimulate circulation through the tissues, manage pain and enhance healing.
  • Cane and bamboo are viable and alternative basic construction materials for orthotic and prosthetic appliances. Bamboo night splints and upper limb splints are believed to be effective, and bamboo walkers, crutches and wheelchairs are remarkably useful, cheap and lightweight.
  • At this time, there are no human trials supporting the effect of bamboo for any indication. In vitro and in vivo study of bamboo shoots used in rats shows some anti-thyroidal effect. In vitro study also found that bamboo leaf extract, which contains chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, and luteolin 7-glucoside, has both anti-oxidant activity and pro-oxidant activity.
  • Preliminary studies suggest bamboo as an alternative bone substitute. However, human evidence is lacking (1). Researchers state this material is readily available and easy to produce and prepare.

Dosing/Toxicology

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Precautions/Contraindications

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Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

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Mechanism of Action

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History

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Evidence Table

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Evidence Discussion

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Products Studied

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.