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Eye disorders

Related Terms

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Background

  • Any condition affecting the eye is classified as an eye disorder. Eye disorders can affect any part of the eye, including the eyelids, eyelashes, iris, pupil, lens, and the sclera (the "white" of the eye). Nerves, muscles, and blood vessels that surround the eye can also be affected by eye disorders.
  • Eye disorders may include any of the following: vision problems, including astigmatism (vision difficulties due to a football-shaped cornea), diabetic retinopathy, myopia (nearsightedness), or hyperopia (farsightedness); conjunctivitis (inflammation of the conjunctiva); uveitis (inflammation of the uvea); keratitis (inflammation of the cornea); xerophthalmia (dry eye); glaucoma (an increase in intraocular pressure); age-related macular degeneration; and cataract (an opacity that develops in the crystalline lens of the eye). Some of these conditions, such as astigmatism myopia, glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataracts, and retinitis pigmentosa, have been linked to genetic abnormalities. Treatment and prognosis varies, depending on the specific condition.
  • Please see individual Natural Standard condition monographs on glaucoma, cataracts, retinopathy, and macular degeneration for more information on these eye disorders.

Structure and Function of the Eye

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Common Eye Disorders

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Signs and Symptoms

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Integrative Therapies

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Prevention and Self-Management

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.