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Turner syndrome

Related Terms

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Background

  • Everyone has two sex chromosomes. Healthy males have one X and one Y chromosome, while healthy females have two X chromosomes. Turner syndrome occurs when a female is missing part of, or an entire, X chromosome at birth.
  • Normally, girls have two X chromosomes that contain the genetic information needed to develop sexual characteristics. Other genes important to development are also present in the X chromosomes. Therefore, females with Turner syndrome have developmental abnormalities, such as a short stature and reproductive problems.
  • Turner syndrome is not usually considered life threatening. However, many patients develop heart, kidney, and thyroid problems, as well as other abnormalities that require lifelong monitoring and treatment.
  • Although there is currently no cure for Turner syndrome, treatment is available to manage the symptoms and related conditions. Most women with Turner syndrome are able to live long, healthy lives. Many women are able to have children with the help of hormone therapy and/or fertility treatments.
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Causes

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Signs and Symptoms

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Diagnosis

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Complications

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Treatment

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Integrative Therapies

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Prevention

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.