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Dill (Anethum graveolens)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • (+)-carvone, 5-[4''-hydroxy-3''-methyl-2''-butenyloxy]-6,7-furocoumarin, 8-hydroxygeraniol, 9-hydroxypiperitone, African dill oil, alkoxy derivatives, alkyl glucoside, allylbenzene, alpha-phellandrene, anethofuran, Anethon of Dioscorides, Anethum graveolens L., Anethum sowa, Apiaceae (family), apiol, aromatic compound glucoside, beta-D-glucopyranosides, biphenyl derivative, caffeic acid, carvone, carvone-dihydrocarvone, chlorogenic acid, cinnamic acid, coumarin, d-carvone, d(+)-carvone, diabole, dihydrocarvone, dill apiol, dillapiole, dilly pillows, East Indian dill, elastin, estragole, European dill oil, falcarindiol, falcarinol, ferulic acid, flavonoids, flavonol glycosides, Fructus Anethi, furanocoumarin, gallic acid, Ghoda sowa, Indian dill, kaempferol, limonene, lutein, Lys-lastine™ V, lysyl oxidase (LOX), lysyl oxidase-like (LOXL), magnesium, methyleugenol, minerals, monoterpenoid, monoterpenoid glycosides, myristicin, Oman dill herb oil, oxypeucedanin, oxypeucedanin hydrate, p-menth-2-ene-1,6-diol, parsley apiol, Peucedanum, Peucedanum graveolens, Peucedanum sowa Kurz, phenolic acids, phthalides, polyacetylenes, polyphenol oxidase, propiophenone, (S)-carvone, (S)-(+)carvone, (S)-2-methyl-5-(1-methylethenyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-one, (S)-d-p-mentha-6-8,(9)-dien-2-one, safrole, selenocompounds, soyah (India), sterols, tannic acid, tocopherol, Umbelliferae (family), umbelliferous fruit, vanillic acid, Variyali sowa, vicenin, vitamins, zeaxanthin.

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • Dill is a hardy, short-lived perennial herb native to the Mediterranean and southern Russia. It is known to grow wild in Spain, Portugal, and Italy. Both the seeds and leaves are used as a spice.
  • Traditionally, dill has been used to treat ailments of the digestive tract and to alleviate insomnia.
  • Scientific research on the uses of dill is limited. In animal study, dill has demonstrated dose-dependent cholesterol-lowering effects (1). In one clinical trial, dill reduced total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol although not significantly (2). Of note, in this clinical study, it also raised triglycerides (2).
  • At this time, clinical evidence supporting the efficacy of dill for any indication is limited.

Dosing/Toxicology

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Precautions/Contraindications

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Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

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Mechanism of Action

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History

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Evidence Table

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Evidence Discussion

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Products Studied

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.