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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Related Terms

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Background

  • The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, commonly referred to as the DSM-IV, is a 943 page book that is most frequently used for diagnosing psychological problems, learning disabilities and mental retardation in the United States. The book lists criteria for various behaviors, which are considered abnormal and/or unhealthy, but does not suggest treatment options. In order to be diagnosed according to the DSM, an individual must fulfill a variety of diagnostic criteria. The most recently released version of the DSM is the DSM-IV-TR.
  • The American Psychiatric Association publishes the DSM-IV. A diagnosis may be added or deleted over time. The criteria for a diagnosis may also change. The DSM is not intended to offer a complete clinical picture of an individual or their life experience.
  • The DSM-I was first published in 1950. The book has gone through 5 revisions since the first edition. These revisions were II, III, III-R, IV and IV-TR. The most recent edition of the DSM was published in 2000. This version was the DSM-IV-TR. The diagnostic criteria remained the same from the DSM-IV, which was published in 1994, but the text between diagnostic criteria was changed.
  • Although the DSM was originally written in order to provide a common set of terms under which to conduct research, its use is now much wider. For example, insurance companies may use the DSM-IV-TR for the purpose of reimbursement for health services. Mental health professionals may use the DSM IV-TR as shorthand for discussing cases.
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D S M Outline

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Theory/Evidence

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Safety

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.