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Disability rights

Related Terms

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Background

  • Overview: According to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, a disability is defined as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities. A disability may include mental or psychiatric disorders, chronic diseases, or physical, sensory, cognitive, or intellectual impairments. A person may be born with a disability or acquire it at some point in his/her lifetime.
  • There are many definitions for disability, and it remains a controversial and sensitive subject that few advocacy groups agree on.
  • When referring to an individual who is impaired, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) style guide maintains that the pronoun or person's name should come first followed by his/her impairment. For example, instead of saying "autistic boy" the APA encourages people to say "boy with autism." This method helps to give a person with a disability his/her own identity instead of simply defining a person by his/her disability.
  • Disability models: Disability scholars use four models to interpret disability. The way in which scholars view disability is not through one sole model, but through a combination of all four models. The first, the moral model, is the oldest model and views disability as a result of sin.
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History

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Technique

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Theory/Evidence

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Health Impact/Safety

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Future Research or Applications

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.