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10-year heart attack risk

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Background

  • Many important factors can impact a person's risk of having a heart attack within 10 years. The most important risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, inactivity, or being overweight or obese. Some risk factors, including gender, age, and heredity, cannot be controlled. The more risk factors a person has, the greater his/her risk of developing heart disease or having a heart attack.
  • Several organizations, including the American Heart Association, have designed online calculators, or risk assessment tools, to help people estimate their risks of having heart attacks. These calculators are designed for people who are older than 20 years of age who do not already have heart disease.
  • These tools, which are available online, also help individuals determine if they may have metabolic syndrome, which is a group of medical conditions that greatly increases a person's chance of developing heart disease. Indicators of metabolic syndrome include a large waist circumference (also called abdominal obesity), high blood pressure, high blood sugar levels, and high cholesterol levels.
  • These risk assessment tools vary slightly in their methodology. In general, these tools are based on the results of a research study, called the Framingham Heart Study, and the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)'s Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III Guidelines. This longitudinal study and written report have identified important risk factors for heart disease.
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Technique

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Theory/Evidence

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Safety

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.