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10-year stroke risk

Related Terms

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Background

  • Many factors can impact a person's risk of having a stroke within 10 years. Important risk factors include age, gender, ethnicity, family history, previous history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (ministroke), high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, heart disease, increased homocysteine levels, sickle cell anemia, and use of birth control pills or hormone therapy. Some risk factors, including gender, age, and heredity, cannot be controlled. The more risk factors a person has, the greater his/her risk of having a stroke.
  • A stroke occurs when there is a sudden interruption of blood flow and oxygen to areas in the brain. A stroke may occur if a blood clot or other particles (such as cholesterol) clogs an artery that supplies blood to the brain or if a blood vessel in the brain leaks or breaks open. It may also occur if bleeding starts in a large artery on or near the membrane surrounding the brain and spills into the space between the surface of the brain and skull.
  • A stroke develops suddenly, usually in a matter of minutes, and causes symptoms, such as paralysis, numbness or weakness often affecting one side of the body, confusion, dizziness, speech problems, and loss of vision. These symptoms may come and go, go away completely, or worsen over the course of several hours. In some cases, a stroke may be fatal or it may lead to long-term or permanent brain damage.
  • Risk assessment tools, or calculators, may help individuals who are older than 20 years of age estimate their risks of having strokes. There are many different risk assessment tools available online, and they vary slightly. In general, individuals are asked to enter important health information, such as their age, gender, height, weight, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. Based on the information provided, the calculator estimates the person's risk of having a stroke in the next 10 years.
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Technique

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Theory/Evidence

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Safety

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.