Image for Peony ( Pall.,  L.,  Andr.)
Peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall., Paeonia officinalis L., Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • 1,2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose (PGG), European peony, mudanpi (Chinese), Paeonia, Paeonia emodi Wall, Paeonia L., Paeonia lactiflora, Paeonia lactiflora Pallas, Paeonia mascula, Paeonia officinalis, Paeonia suffruticosa Andrews, Paeonia radix, Paeonia rubra,Paeonia veitchii, Paeoniaceae (family), paeoniae flos, paeoniflorgenin (PG), paeoniflorin, paeony, partially purified paeoniflorin (PF), peony flower, peony root, PG, PGG, phenolic glycoside, piney, Quilinggao, Ranunculaceae (family), red peony root, resveratrol, Shakuyaku, stilbenes, total glucosides of Peony (TGP), Unkei-to.
  • Combination product examples: Dang-Gui-Shao-Yao-San (DGSYS, Chinese) (Angelica sinensis (Oliv.)) Diels, Ligustucum chuanxiong Hort, Paeonia lactiflora Pall., Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf, Atractylodis macrocephala Koidz and Alisma orientalis (Sam.) Juzep.)
  • Qingre Huoxue recipe (QHR) (decoction of oldenlandia herb 30g, honeysuckle stem 30g, violet herb 30g, red peony root 15g, rehmannia root 15g, solomonseal rhizome 15g, asiabell root 30g, red sage root 30g, prepared rhubarb 12g, and giant hyssop herb 12g).
  • Unkei-to (combination of Shakuyaku (Paeonia radix, Paeonia lactiflora Pallas) and Keihi (Cinnamomi cortex, Cinnamomum cassia Blume)).
  • Further content available for subscribers only.

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • The root and the root cortex of peony species, including Paeonia lactiflora Pall., Paeonia officinalis L., and Paeonia suffruticosa Andr., have been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescriptions for centuries (1;2;3;4). Peony flowers are also used medicinally. In manufacturing, peony flowers are used commercially to color cough syrups. They are also used in herbal teas.
  • As part of complex herbal formulas, peony has been used to treat a wide variety of health conditions, including menstrual difficulties, nephritis, pulmonary heart disease, infantile pneumonia, and uterine fibroids (myomas) (5;6;7;8). As a single ingredient, peony has been used to prevent wrinkles (topically) and to treat liver fibrosis from chronic hepatitis and pulmonary heart disease (9;10;11).
  • The strongest evidence currently available supports the use of peony as a single ingredient via injection in the treatment of pulmonary heart disease (11;12). There is also a growing body of research on TCM formulas containing peony in the treatment of women's health complications including: menstrual difficulties, uterine myomas, coronary heart disease prevention, and hormone regulation (5;8;13). However, these studies are universally of poor methodological quality. Randomized controlled trials are needed for all uses of peony.

Dosing/Toxicology

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Precautions/Contraindications

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Mechanism of Action

  • Content available for subscribers only.

History

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Evidence Table

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Evidence Discussion

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Products Studied

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Author Information

  • Content available for subscribers only.

References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

  • Content available for subscribers only.
The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.