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Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • Alkalis, alpha-carotene, alpha-tocopherol, anthocyanin, aronia berry, ascorbic acid, berry phenolics, beta-carotene, calcium, casuarictin, copper, ellagic acid, ellagic acid derivatives, ellagitannins, epicuticular wax, flavonoids, flavonol, framboise (French), furanones, hydroxycinnamate, iron, kaempferol, kaempferol 3-glucosides, linolenic acid, loratadine, lutein, magnesium, manganese, methyl gallate, miskominaga wunj (Ojibwe), omega 3, oo na joo kwa (Mohawk), omega 3, phosphorus, phytochemicals, phytonutrients, polyphenolic components, quercetin, quercetin glycosides, raspberry ketone, raspberry seeds oil, raspberry leaf, raspberry leaf tea, red raspberry, resveratrol, Rosaceae (family), Rubus, Rubus arcticus, Rubus arizonensis, Rubus deliciosus, Rubus discolor, Rubus idaeus, Rubus idaeus ssp. Strigosus, Rubus laciniatus, Rubus leucodermis, Rubus neomexicanus, Rubus occidentalis, Rubus parviflorus, Rubus spectabilis, Rubus strigosus, Rubus ursinus, sanguin H6, salicylates, tannins, vitamin B, vitamin B1, vitamin C, vitamin E, volatile compounds, western blackberry, xylitol, xyloside, zinc.
  • Combination products examples: Instant Green Tea Beverage Mix in Sweetened Raspberry (millled cane sugar, fresh green tea extract, malic acid, maltodextrin, tricalcium phosphate, ascorbic acid, natural raspberry flavor), Raspberry Congaplex® Chewable (dehydrated cane juice, cellulose, raspberry powder, maltodextrine, calcium lactate, magnesium citrate, bovine thymus Cytosol™ extract, carrot powder, ribonucleic acid, bone meal, defatted wheat germ, vacuum dried bovine adrenal, vacuum dried alfalfa juice, natural raspberry flavor, nutritional yeast, oat flour, vacuum dried buckwheat juice and seed, alfalfa meal, vacuum dried bovine kidney, veal bone meal, veal bone PMG extract, mushroom powder, ascorbic acid, peanut bran, vitamin A esters, soy bean lecithin, mixed tocopherols, carrot oil), Raspberry Quince Black Tea (black tea leaves, raspberry bits, quince bits, hibiscus, sunflower petals, and natural flavors).

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) is cultivated and grows wild throughout temperate climates, including North America and Europe. For several centuries, midwives have used raspberry leaf to stimulate and ease labor. The fruit is also commonly used as a flavoring, coloring, or food, either fresh or processed into cordials, jams, or preserves. The fruit is also commonly consumed for its antioxidants.
  • Although there is substantial laboratory evidence of raspberry containing high levels of antioxidants (1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8) , only one clinical study indicates its antioxidant properties in humans (9).
  • Similarly, raspberry leaf is commonly used during pregnancy and labor, but there are few studies supporting this use (10;11). Only one study shows that raspberry leaf may speed the second stage of labor. However, the trials that have been performed indicate raspberry does not seem to be harmful to either mother or child. More research is needed in this area to confirm these results.
  • Raspberry may also be useful for in cancer treatment or prevention or as an antimicrobial. More research is needed in these emerging areas.

Dosing/Toxicology

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Precautions/Contraindications

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Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

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Mechanism of Action

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History

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Evidence Table

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Evidence Discussion

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Products Studied

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.