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Rhodiola(Rhodiola spp.)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • ADAPT-232®, aliphatic alcohol, Arctic Root®, benzyl alcohol, beta-sitosterol, caffeic acid, Chisan®, cinnamyl glycoside, Crassulaceae (Family), daucosterol, Eleutherococcus senticosus Maxim., epigallocatechin 3-O-gallate, flavonoids, Full Spectrum™ Rhodiola Rosea Extract, gallic acid, galloylepigallocatechin, geraniol, geranyl acetate, geranyl beta-glucopyranoside, geranyl formate, glucopyranoside, golden root, golden root tincture, goldenroot, goldroot, gossypetin, herbacetin, heterodendrin, hexyl beta-glucopyranoside, hongjingtian, hydroquinone, isolariciresinol-9-O-beta-glucopyranoside, jiangtian, kaempferol, linalool, lotaustralin, Mind Power Rx, monoterpene alcohols, monoterpene hydrocarbons, n-decanol, neryl beta-glucopyranoside, p-tyrosol, Passion Rx, phenylethyl alcohol, phenylpropamide, protocatechuic acid, queen's crown, REC-7004, rhamnopyranoside, rhizome, rhodakon, rhodalidin, rhodalin, Rhodax®, rhodaxon, Rhodiola algida, Rhodiola alterna, Rhodiola brevipetiolata, Rhodiola crenulata, Rhodiola dumulosa, Rhodiola Energy™, Rhodiola Extended Release, Rhodiola fastigata, Rhodiola ForceTM, rhodiola herb, Rhodiola heterodonta, Rhodiola imbricata Edgew., Rhodiola imbricate, Rhodiola integrifolia Raf., Rhodiolairemelica Boriss. (Grassulaceae), Rhodiola kirilowii, Rhodiola kirilowii (Regel) Maxim., Rhodiola quadrifilda, Rhodiola rhodantha, rhodiola root, Rhodiola sachalinensis, Rhodiola sachalinensis A.Bor., Rhodiola sacra, Rhodiola semenovii, Rhodiola tibetica, Rhodiola yunnanensis, rhodiolgidin, rhodiolgin, rhodiolin, rhodioloside, rhodionidin, rhodionin, rhodioniside, rhodiooctanoside, rhodiosin, rodia riza, rodiola, rosarin, rosavin, rose root, roseroot, roseroot stonecrop, rosin, rosiridin, rosiridol, Russian golden root, Russian root, sacranoside B, salidroside, Sedum rhodiola, Sedum rosea, Sedum rosea (L.) Scop., Sedum roseum Scop., SHR-5, Siberian Rhodiola rosea, sitosterol, sterols, tannins, tyrosol, trans-hydroxycinnamic acid, volatile oil, zolotoy koren.
  • Combination product examples: ADAPT-232® (Rhodiola rosea L., Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill., and Eleutherococcus senticosus Maxim.), AdMax (dried ethanol/water extracts from roots of Leuzea carthamoides, Rhodiola rosea, Eleutherococcus senticosus, fruits of Schizandra chinensis), BIM (valerian extract, golden root [Rhodiola rosea L.], L-theanine [gamma-glutamylethylamide]), Chisan® (Rhodiola rosea, Schisandra chinensis, Eleutherococcus senticosus), Dzherelo (containing aloe (Aloe arborescens), common knotgrass (Polygonum aviculare), yarrow (Achillea millefolium), purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea), St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum), centaury (Centaurium erythraea), snowball tree berries (Viburnum opulus), nettle (Urtica dioica), dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), sweet-sedge (Acorus calamus), oregano (Oreganum majorana), marigold (Calendula officinalis), seabuckthorn berries (Hippophae rhamnoides), elecampane (Inulahelenium), tormentil (Potentilla erecta), greater plantain (Plantagomajor), wormwood (Artemisia spp.), Siberian golden root (Rhodiolarosea), cudweed (Gnaphalium uliginosum), licorice (Glycyrrhizaglabra), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), chaga (Inonotus obliquus), thyme (Thymus vulgaris), three-lobe beggarticks (Bidenstripartite), sage (Salvia officinalis), dog rose (Rosa canina), and juniper berries (Juniperus communis)), Mind Power Rx (Rhodiola rosea, ginseng, Ginkgo biloba, Mucuna pruriens, ashwagandha, Bacopa monniera, gotu kola, reishi, fo-ti), Optygen™ (Rhodiola rosea and Cordyceps sinensis), Psychotropin (phenibut derived from GABA, acetyl-L-carnitine, Bacopa monnieri, L-theanine, DMAE, betaine, Rhodiola rosea, vinpocetine, huperazine), Rhodiola-Gingko Capsule (RGC; contains Rhodiola crenulata and Ginkgo biloba), Tonzic (dry extracts of Aralia mandshurica, Panax ginseng, Rhodiola rosea, and Eleutherococcus senticosus), Xinnaoxin (contains rhodiola root, lyceum berry, fresh Hippophae rhmnoides fruit juice, starch, and silicon dioxide).

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • Rhodiola rosea grows in cold regions and at high altitudes in Europe and Asia (1). In these geographical areas, the roots have traditionally been used to increase resistance to physical stress (1;2).
  • Although there are over 200 species of Rhodiola, Rhodiola rosea is traditionally considered preferable, due to the presence of rosavins (active constituents). Supplements generally contain a minimum of 3% rosavins.
  • Traditional uses of Rhodiola rosea include the prevention of fatigue and the enhancement of physical and mental performance. Rhodiola rosea is considered an adaptogen (an agent that works at a cellular level to normalize function, thereby stimulating healing processes).
  • There is conflicting evidence regarding its use for improving athletic performance. Preliminary evidence suggests it may reduce fatigue and decrease anxiety and depression. Additional well-designed trials are needed before a conclusion may be made.
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Dosing/Toxicology

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Precautions/Contraindications

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Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

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Mechanism of Action

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History

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Evidence Table

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Evidence Discussion

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Products Studied

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.