Image for Savory ( spp., , )
Savory (Satureja spp., Satureja hortensis, Satureja montana)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • 1,8-cineole, 4-terpineol, 4',5,6-trihydroxy-3',7-dimethoxyflavone, 5,6,3'-trihydroxy-7,8,4'-trimethoxyflavone, 5-desmethoxynobiletin (5,6-dihydroxy-7,8,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavone), ajedra, α-pinene, α-terpineol, apigenin, beta-bisabolene, β-caryophyllene, β-cubebene, beta-sitosterol, beta-sitosterol-3-O-beta-d-glucopyranoside, borneol, camphor, carvacrol (2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)-phenol), carvacrol methyl ether, caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, (+)-catechin, chlorogenic acid, dipentene, (E)-caryophyllene, erigeroside, eriodictyol (5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavanone), eugenol, fatty acid methyl esters (9-octadecenoic acid methyl ester, hexadecanoic acid methyl ester, 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid methyl ester (Z,Z,Z), octadecanoic acid methyl ester), flavonoids, γ -terpinene, geraniol, geranyl acetate, Lamiaceae (family), limonene, linalool, linalool esters, luteolin, magnoliophyta, marzeh khuzistani (Persian), monoterpene hydrocarbons, mountain savory, naringenin, neral, oleanolic acid , p-cymene, phenolic monoterpenes, protocatechuic acid, quercetin, rosmarinic acid, sater, Satureja atropatana Bonge, Satureja boissieri, Saturejaboliviana, Saturejabrownei, Satureja coerulea, Saturejacuneifolia, Satureja douglasii, Satureja forbesii, Satureja gilliesii, Saturejahortensis, Satureja icarica, Saturejakhuzestanica, Satureja khuzestanica Jamzad, Satureja khuzestanica Jamzad essential oil (SKEO), Satureja kitabelii, Satureja kitaibelii Wierzb. ex Heuff., Satureja laxiflora C. Koch, Saturejamontana, Satureja montana subsp. montana, Satureja montana subsp. pisidica, Satureja obovata Lag., Satureja obovata var. obovata, Satureja obovata subsp. obovata var. valentina, Saturejaparnassica subsp. parnassica, Satureja parnassica subsp. parnassica Heldr. & Sart. ex Boiss., Satureja parvifolia, Satureja pilosa, Satureja spicigera, Satureja spinosa, Satureja subspicata, Satureja subspicata Bartl. ex Vis., Saturejathymbra, Satureja viminea, Satureja visianii, Satureja wiedemanniana, Satureja wiedemanniana (Lallem.) velen, Saturejae folium, Saturejae herba, steroids, spathulenol, summer savory, tannin, tau-cadinene, tau-cadinol, terpene alcohols, terpineol, thymbra, thymol, thymol methyl ether, thymonin (5,6,4'-trihydroxy-7,8,3'-trimethoxyflavone), thymoquinone, tocopherols (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta), ursolic acid, vanillic acid, winter savory.

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • Savory is an aromatic plant used in cooking to enhance flavor. Although a variety of species in the genus Satureja have been found (1), Satureja hortensis (summer savory) and Satureja montana (winter savory), are the two main species cultivated.
  • Savory grows in different parts of the world and has adapted to a broad range of soil and climatic conditions. Members of this genus are native to the Mediterranean region but have a history of use in Iran, Greece, Argentina, Portugal, Turkey, and Canada, as well as other European and North and South American countries, to season meats and salads (2;3;4;5;6). Satureja cuneifolia is used as a substitute for thyme in Turkey (7).
  • In traditional medicine, savory is used to treat diarrhea, nausea, cramps, muscle pains, indigestion, and infectious diseases and has been used as a tonic, carminative, astringent, and expectorant (6). Summer savory is used more often for such purposes. In laboratory studies, extracts of Satureja species exhibited antibacterial, antifungal, antiproliferative, antidiabetic, antihelmintic, insecticidal, analgesic, and antioxidant activities (8). A commonly studied constituent is carvacrol.
  • At this time, there is a lack of high-quality human trials in support of the use of savory or Satureja species for any indication. There is limited clinical evidence that Satureja khuzestanica may have beneficial effects when used to treat hyperlipidemia associated with diabetes. However, better-designed clinical trials are needed before recommendations can be made for any health condition.

Dosing/Toxicology

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Precautions/Contraindications

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Mechanism of Action

  • Content available for subscribers only.

History

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Evidence Table

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Evidence Discussion

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Products Studied

  • Content available for subscribers only.

Author Information

  • Content available for subscribers only.

References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

  • Content available for subscribers only.
The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.