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Sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus dulcis)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • Almendra, almendra dulce (Spanish), almond α-galactosidase, almond β-glucosidase, almond glycopeptidase, almond oil, amande, amande douce (French), amandel, amendoa, am?ndoa doce (Portugese), amigdalo, Amygdalus communis, Amygdala dulcis, arginine, aspartic acid, B-complex vitamins, badam, badami, badamo, badamshirin, bedamu, bian tao, bilati badam, cno ghreugach, daucosterol, emulsion, expressed almond oil, fixed almond oil, galactosidase, glucosidase, glutamic acid, harilik mandlipuu, Jordan almond, lawz, lozi, mandel, mandla, mandorla, mandorla dulce (Italian), mandula, mangel, mannosidase, mantelli, migdal, migdala, migdalo, mindal, prunasin, Prunoidae (subfamily), Prunus communisdulcis, Prunus dulcis, Rosaceae (family), sladkiy mindal, sötmandel, süßmandel, sweet almond oil, tatli badem, tian wei bian tao, tian xing ren, vaadaam, vadumai, vitamin A, zoete amandel.
  • Note: Sweet almond should not be confused with bitter almond, which contains amygdalin and can be hydrolyzed to the toxic substance hydrocyanic acid (cyanide).

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • The almond is closely related to the peach, apricot, and cherry (all classified as drupes). Unlike its relatives, however, the outer layer of the almond is not edible. The edible portion of the almond is the seed.
  • Sweet almonds are a popular nutritious food. Researchers are especially interested in their level of monounsaturated fats, as these appear to have a beneficial effect on blood lipids. Sweet almond has been suggested as a treatment for many conditions. There is some research support for the use of whole sweet almonds as cholesterol-lowering agents, although it is not clear what dose may be safe and effective.
  • Almond oil is widely used in lotions and cosmetics, and it is often used to flavor cookies and other baked goods. There is not enough scientific evidence to support the use of sweet almond or sweet almond oil for any other medical condition(s).

Dosing/Toxicology

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Precautions/Contraindications

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Interactions

Most herbs and supplements have not been thoroughly tested for interactions with other herbs, supplements, drugs, or foods. The interactions listed below are based on reports in scientific publications, laboratory experiments, or traditional use. You should always read product labels. If you have a medical condition, or are taking other drugs, herbs, or supplements, you should speak with a qualified healthcare provider before starting a new therapy.

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Mechanism of Action

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History

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Evidence Table

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Evidence Discussion

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Products Studied

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.