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Umckaloabo(Pelargonium sidoides)

Synonyms/Common Names/Related Substances:

  • 6,7,8-trihydroxycoumarin, 8-hydroxy-5,6,7-trimethoxycoumarin, African geranium, catechin, coumarin, coumarin sulphates, ellagitannins, EPs 7630®, gallic acid, gallocatechin, Geranien (German), geranium, geranium root, Kalwerbossie (German), Kapland-Pelargonie (German), Kap-Pelargonie (German), O-galloyl-C-glucosylflavones, Pelargonien (German), Pelargonium, Pelargonium reniforme, Pelargonium reniforme Curtis, pelargonium root, Pelargonium sidoides, Pelargonium sidoides DC, Pelargonium sidoides extract, polyphenols, proanthocyanidins, rabassam, Rabassamin (German), scopoletin, South African geramium, tannins, umckalin.
  • Note: An ethanolic extract of the roots of Pelargonium sidoides and Pelargonium reniforme has been marketed in Germany under the name "Umckaloabo" since 1983.

Clinical Bottom Line/Effectiveness

Brief Background:

  • Pelargonium sidoides, also known as umckaloabo, is a member of the Geranium family and is native to South Africa.
  • For centuries the roots of Pelargonium sidoides DC have been used in traditional South African medicine for the treatment of respiratory diseases (1;2), diarrhea, dysmenorrhea, and hepatic disorders (3;4).
  • In modern times, an aqueous formulation of the roots of Pelargonium sidoides, called EPs 7630®, has been examined in clinical trials as a potential treatment for bronchitis (acute) (5;6;6;7;8;9), acute pharyngitis (acute non-group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus tonsillopharyngitis) (10), and the common cold (11).

Dosing/Toxicology

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Precautions/Contraindications

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Interactions

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Mechanism of Action

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History

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Evidence Table

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Evidence Discussion

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Products Studied

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Author Information

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References

Natural Standard developed the above evidence-based information based on a thorough systematic review of the available scientific articles. For comprehensive information about alternative and complementary therapies on the professional level, go to www.naturalstandard.com. Selected references are listed below.

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The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.